Total Resources: 79
The article explores the rights of Indigenous peoples to participate in decision-making about resource development projects as a key part of their self-determination. The article discusses the role and responsibility of corporations in ensuring that Indigenous peoples’ right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) as included under the United Nations Declaration of the Rights of Indigneous Peoples (UNDRIP). The authors suggest that corporations should practice FPIC even when it is not legally legislated.
The report presents an overview of impact and benefit agreements (IBAs) that are signed between mining companies and First Nation communities in Canada in to establish formal relationships, reduce impact of a mine, and secure economic benefit for affected communities. IBAs are increasingly used by First Nations in Canada to influence decision making about resource exploitation in their lands.
This article discusses the Community Referenda as a consultation strategy to achieve FPIC, in which each community member votes on a potential development project. The development and purpose of FPIC in International law is discussed in the context of mining projects in Latin America that have resulted in conflict. Community Referenda are seen as a democratic form of consultation in which the perspectives of stakeholders can be taken into account.
This article looks at how FPIC was developed in international law by examining Indigenous peoples’ participation internationally. Two case studies – Lubicon Cree in Northern Alberta, Canada and Mayan communities in Guatemala – are examined to show unique contextual factors related to FPIC and Indigenous peoples’ rights.
This article discusses corporate social responsibility regarding issues of accountability and differing understandings of CSR. The article then explains how background context surrounding different players can create a power dynamic that shapes how CSR documents are understood.
This article describes the limitations of state conducted Environmental Impact Assessments (EIA) in the context of hydroelectric dams. The social and cultural impacts are not considered by Brazilian governments who frequently address consultation as a formality. The article advocates for greater consideration of EIA’s in decision-making processes.