Results for:Ken Coates
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Canada's decision in 2010 to sign the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples represented much more than a change of federal government policies. The belated action, coming three years after the UN passed this historic agreement, marked the high point in the generations-long struggle for the recognition of Aboriginal rights.
Good governance is a foundation of effective social development where Indigenous people contribute to re-development of the Fourth World. UNDRIP principles of participation and consent include Indigenous rights to participate in decision-making and consult using FPIC before adopting measures that affect them.
Idle No More challenges to the integrity of the nation state and are not revolutionary. They call on the Government and people of Canada to share national wealth, to adhere to Canadian law, to negotiate new arrangements where existing treaties are insufficient, and to adjust national policy to better suit needs and aspirations.
The core lesson in the creation of UNDRIP was simple: collective action by Indigenous peoples could force major changes in national and international law. The process of improving conditions for Indigenous peoples has now moved to a different level. The socio-economic and cultural problems of Indigenous have been described globally, really for the first time.
The UNDRIP was defined at the time of its passage as an "aspirational document." Those governments that resisted the declaration — Canada, United States, Australia and New Zealand in 2007 and which signed on later in 2010 — worried that the creation of international law on Aboriginal rights would elevate Indigenous expectations.
This report explores the meaning of free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC), and how it interacts with current Canadian law and practice. Several recommendations are provided on how the Trudeau government can fulfill its promise to incorporate FPIC into the existing Canadian system without negatively impacting Indigenous communities or economic development.