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Knowledge is Power

This website provides information and resources on FPIC as a tool of self-determination to assist communities in decision making. We have selected articles, tool kits, videos, voice messages, and community stories about FPIC and consultation.

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Total Resources: 2

Participation with a punch: Community referenda on dam projects and the right to free, prior, and informed consent to development
Scientific Paper

Acknowledging the cultural, social, and environmental impacts of resource developments such as hydro-electric dams, the rights of Indigenous people to Free, Prior, Informed Consent (FPIC), are necessary to protect their lands. The article introduces the community referenda, as a consultation strategy used in areas impacted by development projects, and provides a democratic process based on voting to indicate the communities’ consent or refusal of a proposed development project. Community referenda provide a potential solution to industry non-compliance with FPIC.

The Community Referendum: Participatory Democracy and the Right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent to Development
Scientific Paper

2009 - English - Advanced

The Community Referendum: Participatory Demo...

Brant McGee


This article discusses the Community Referenda as a consultation strategy to achieve FPIC, in which each community member votes on a potential development project. The development and purpose of FPIC in International law is discussed in the context of mining projects in Latin America that have resulted in conflict. Community Referenda are seen as a democratic form of consultation in which the perspectives of stakeholders can be taken into account.