Results for:Informed Decision Making
Total Resources: 89
This article explores “landscape approaches” to the use of lands, which have emerged in response to the trade-off between the environment and resource development. Different types of landscape approaches to environmental conservation are discussed and ten principles of the approaches are identified. These principles emphasize adaptive management, stakeholder involvement, and multiple objectives.
Acknowledging the cultural, social, and environmental impacts of resource developments such as hydro-electric dams, the rights of Indigenous people to Free, Prior, Informed Consent (FPIC), are necessary to protect their lands. The article introduces the community referenda, as a consultation strategy used in areas impacted by development projects, and provides a democratic process based on voting to indicate the communities’ consent or refusal of a proposed development project. Community referenda provide a potential solution to industry non-compliance with FPIC.
This scoping review provides comprehensive information regarding Indigenous Peoples’ right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC), as it is currently represented in academic literature and community practice. The review highlights the legal foundations, practical implications, and outcomes of FPIC, attending to the conflicts and challenges that emerge between the different viewpoints of various stakeholders.
This report summarizes progress made by indigenous peoples’ and organizations seeking to assess and apply right of indigenous peoples ‘to give or withhold their free, prior and informed consent to actions that affect their lands, territories and natural resources’ (referred to as ‘the right to FPIC’). It is informed by field programmes, case studies, and indigenous peoples’ actual experiences which were also reviewed at a workshop in Indonesia in April 2007.
This report discusses the context of local land grabs and how the principle of FPIC has responded to land grabs more recently. The ‘consent’ component of FPIC is explored in more detail, including where consent is required and desired. The report concludes that the ultimate challenge is a political issue, not technical.
This article explores what is “good” practice in social impact assessment (SIA). SIA addresses social issues in development through participatory processes that support affected peoples, and companies. SIA seeks to increase understanding of and responses to change, and avoid negative impacts while enhancing positive benefits. The author argues that SIA practices need to address culture, community, power, human rights, gender, justice, place, resilience, and sustainable livelihoods.